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2019年河南成考高起点英语考前模拟题04阅读理解

2019-10-11 15:46:48   来源:河南成考网    点击:
作者:邹老师
  【导读】随着成人高考的受欢迎度越来越高,2019年河南成人高考的报名人数也创下了历史新高,并且成人高考考试在即,为帮助考生更好地进行复习,河南成考网为大家整理了2019年河南成考高起点英语考前模拟题04,以下是阅读理解的内容,供大家参考学习:

   四、阅读理解(共15小题;每题3分,共45分。)

  阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容从每小题的四个选择项中选出最佳的一项。

  The Americans believe that anybody can become President of the United States. In a recent Hollywood comedy( 喜剧), that is exactly what happens.

  Dave Kovic, played by Kevin Kline, is a kind-hearted man who runs a business that finds people jobs. He leads a typical(典型的)American way of life, except for one thing--he looks exactly like the President, Bill Mitchell. In fact, the only thing that makes him different from the nation's leader is that he is very nice!

  The president has started using look-alikes during some public appearances. Dave is offered a chance to" serve his country" by becoming one. However, things go wrong. The President becomes very ill and Dave ends up acting as the President forever.

  Director Ivan Reitman,who made the popular and successful comedies like Twins, Ghostbusters and Legal Eagles, could have gone for easy laughs by making fun of the American government. In-stead,Dave is an attractive comedy about an ordinary man in extraordinary situations. Kevin Kline gives a double performance as Dave and the President, and Sigourney Weaver is at her best as his First Lady. The love story that develops between her role and Dave is a real classic(经典).

  The film is 100% American. However, if you've ever felt that anybody could do a better job run-ning the country than the people in power, then you'll enjoy Dave!

  根据以上内容,回答下面试题.

  第36题单选 ( ) What is the purpose of the text?

  A.To tell the reader about the American government.

  B.To discuss the Americans' ideas about the President.

  C.To make a comparison between Dave and other films.

  D.To introduce a new film to the reader.

  第37题单选 ( )Who plays the role of the President in the film?

  A.Sigourney Weaver.

  B.Kevin Kline.

  C.Bill Mitchell.

  D.Ivan Reitman.

  第38题单选 ( )The underlined word "one" in the 3rd paragraph refers to__________.

  A.the President

  B.the director

  C.an actor

  D.a look-alike

  第39题单选 ( ) Which of the following is best supported by the text?

  A.The author makes fun of the President.

  B.The author thinks highly of the film.

  C.The author is a fan of Hollywood comedies.

  D.The author wishes to become the American President.

  One of the greatest killers in the Western world is heart disease. The death rate (率) from the disease has been increasing at an alarming speed for the past thirty years. Medical experts know that people can reduce their chances of getting heart disease by exercising regularly, by not smoking, by changing their diets ,and by paying more attention to reducing stress( 压力)in their work.

  However, Western health-care systems are still not paying enough attention to the prevention of the disease. There is a need for more programs to educate the public about the causes and prevention of heart disease. Instead of supporting such programs, however,the U. S. health-care system is spend-ing large sums of money on the surgical( 外科的)treatment of the disease after it develops. This em-phasis(强调) on treatment clearly has something to do with the technological advances that have taken in the past ten to fifteen years. In this time, modern technology has enabled doctors to develop new surgical techniques. Many operation that were considered impossible or too risky (有风险的) a few years ago are now performed every day in U. S. hospitals. The result has been a huge increase in heart surgery.

  Although there is no doubt that heart surgery can help a large number of people, some people point out that the emphasis on the surgical treatment of the disease has three clear disadvantages.

  First, it attracts interest and money away from the question of prevention. Second, it causes the costs of general hospital care to rise. After hospitals buy the expensive equipment that is necessary for modern heart surgery, they must try to recover the money they have spent. To do this, they raise costs for all their patients, not just those patients whose treatment requires the equipment. The third disad-vantage is that doctors are encouraged to perform surgery--even on patients for whom an operation is unnecessary--because the equipment and expert skills are there. A govermnent official recently stated that major heart surgery was often performed even though its chances of success were low. In one type of heart surgery, for example, only 15 percent of patients improved their conditions after the surgery. However,more than 100,000 of these operations are performed in the United States every year.

  根据以上内容,回答下面试题.

  第40题单选 ( ) What effect has modern technology had on medicine?

  A.It has reduced the costs of medical treatment.

  B.It has helped save the lives of most patients.

  C.It has encouraged doctors to do more heart surgeries.

  D.It have helped educate people about the prevention of heart disease.

  第41题单选 ( ) "To do this" ( in Paragraph 3 ) means __________.

  A.to help patients recover

  B.to increase the number of heart surgeries

  C.to get back the money spent on the equipment

  D.to buy new equipment for the treatment of heart disease

  第42题单选 ( ) The author would agree that __________.

  A.more money should be spent on the prevention of heart disease

  B.heart surgery has helped most patients improve their conditions

  C.modern technology has made heart surgery more risky than before

  D.the public have known a great deal about the causes of heart disease

  第43题单选 ( ) What would be the best title for the passage?

  A.The Greatest Killer in the West

  B.Heart Disease:Treat or Prevent

  C.Modern Technology and Heart Surgery

  D.Heart Surgery:Advantages and Disadvantages

  After ten years of being a housewife and a mother, Carol could not stand it any longer. Then, one morning,just after her two. daughters had gone to school, she saw an advertisement(广告) in the pa-per. She phoned,and was asked to come to an interview(面谈) that very afternoon.

  Mr. Hollins,who interviewed her, was a young man about 24 in a blue suit. There was a hard look in his eye and he talked very fast. He told her she would be required to stop men between the ages of 21 and 50 and ask them several questions designed to determine what men think of deodor-ants( 除臭剂). The information was to be recorded and she would be paid according to the number of complete interviews she had.

  When Carol asked which factory the research was for, she was told that was not important. Last of all, before she began she would have to attend a one-day training. Carol accepted. After the train-ing, which was only about how to write down the answers correctly in a form and how to put the ques-tions, Carol found herself in the center of town at 9:30 in the morning. She soon found out that get-ting the information was really not all that easy.

  First, she stopped a man who refused to answer any questions because he had no time. Next, a man told her it was none of her business whether he used deodorants or not. Then she interviewed a man who was hard of hearing and, instead of answering her questions, began asking her all sorts of his own. Finally, Carol found a young man with a pleasant smile on his face. He was coming towards her slowly and seemed ready to talk. He looked surprised when she put her first question. "I'm doing a research,too. It's about soap powders,"he said.

  根据以上内容,回答下面试题.

  第44题单选 ( ) Mr. Hollins told Carol that she was required__________.

  A.to record what she heard in the streets

  B.to collect men's opinions on a product

  C.to pay visits to men aged 21 through 50

  D.to stop people who were using the product

  第45题单选 ( ) Before Carol started to work,she learned how to__________.

  A.fill her personal information in a form

  B.receive training that might help her do her job

  C.put the information collected in the form provided

  D.ask interesting questions in the training course

  第46题单选 ( )What can we know about the third man Carol stopped in the town center?

  A.He was impatient to listen to Carol.

  B.He was ready to answer Carol's questions.

  C.He found it hard to believe what Carol said.

  D.He had trouble getting what Carol was saying.

  You might think that "global warming" means nothing more than a rise in the world's tempera-ture. But rising sea levels caused by it have resulted in the first evacuation (撤离)of an island na-tion-the citizens of Tuvalu will have to leave their homeland.

  During the 20th century,sea level rose 8 -12 inches. As a result,Tuvalu has experienced low-land flooding of salt water which has polluted the country's drinking water.

  Paani Laupepa, a Tuvaluan government official, reported to the Earth Policy Institute that the nation suffered an unusually high number of fierce storms in the past ten years. Many scientists con-nect higher surface water temperatures resulting from global warming to greater and more damaging storms.

  Laupepa expressed dissatisfaction with the United States for refusing to sign the Kyoto Protocol,an international agreement calling for industrialized nations to reduce their greenhouse gas emis-sioins,which are a main cause of global warming. "By refusing to sign the agreement, the US has effectivly taken away the freedom of future generations of Tuvaluans to live where their forefathers have lived for thousands of years," Laupepa told the BBC.

  Tuvalu has asked Australia and New Zealand to allow the gradual move of its people to both countries.

  Tuvalu is not the only country that is vulnerable( 易受影响的 )to rising sea levels. Maumoon Gayoon, president of the Maldives, told the United Nations that global warming has made his country of 311,000 an "endangered nation".

  根据以上内容,回答下面试题.

  第47题单选 ( )The text is mainly about__________.

  A.rapid changes in earth's temperature

  B.bad effects of global warming

  C.moving of a country to a new place

  D.reasons for lowland flooding

  第48题单选 ( )According to scientists,the DIRECT cause of more and fiercer storms is__________.

  A.greenhouse gas emissions in industrialized nations

  B.higher surface water temperatures of the sea

  C.continuous global warming

  D.rising sea levels

  第49题单选 ( ) Laupepa was not satisfied with the United States because it did not __________.

  A.agree to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions

  B.sign an agreement with Tuvalu

  C.allow Tuvaluans to move to the US

  D.believe the problems facing Tuvalu were real

  第50题单选 ( ) The country whose situation is similar to that of Tuvalu is __________.

  A.Australia

  B.New Zealand

  C.the Maldives

  D.the United States

  以上就是河南成考网为大家整理的2019年河南成考高起点英语考前模拟题04阅读理解部分的内容,希望对大家的复习有所帮助,2019年成人高考考试在即,更多河南成人高考的试题,欢迎访问河南成考网!

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